Salvage Value Definition, Importance, Depreciation

what is scrap value

By subscribing, I accept the privacy-policy and I give my consent to receive Swoop Funding e-mails about the latest updates and offers. ABC Manufacturing Company purchases a machine for $30,000, which it anticipates using for production over the next 10 years. The machine is estimated to have a scrap value of $2,000 at the end of its useful life.

There are still some remain, at least the value of the metal which can be sold. If the company takes good care of the vehicle, it may still work and it has more value. The company estimate that the value of the vehicle will remain around $ 10,000 at the end of useful life. Scrap value or salvage value is the fixed asset value at the end of its useful life.

The value of an asset that has exceeded its useful life is referred to as the scrap value. So the higher the depreciation expense the lower the company’s net profit. When a company estimates a huge scrap value, it will reduce the materials and supplies inventory definition depreciable amount and also decrease the deprecation expense. The scrap value has an indirect impact on both the income statement and balance sheet. As we know, it can influence the depreciable amount and depreciation expense.

In this example, the scrap value of $2,000 represents the estimated worth of the machine’s components or materials at the end of its useful life. In cost accounting, scrap value refers to a relatively insignificant amount that a manufacturer receives from the sale of production materials that remain after the manufacture of its products. Management should use proper historical and other available information to estimate the scrap value as it will have a huge impact on the financial statements. It does not mean we have to eliminate the difference between estimation and actual as it is almost impossible.

Determining the Salvage Value of an Asset

At the end of the useful life, fixed assets still exist and of course, they still contain some value. Some plant assets may contain scrap value of a few hundred up to a few hundred thousand. This means that the computer will be used by Company A for 4 years and then sold afterward. The company also estimates that they would be able to sell the computer at a salvage value of $200 at the end of 4 years. The estimated salvage value is deducted from the cost of the asset to determine the total depreciable amount of an asset. This amount needs to deduct from the total amount to calculate the depreciation expense.

  1. Scrap value is the worth of a physical asset’s individual components when the asset itself is deemed no longer usable.
  2. An item’s scrap value is determined by the supply and demand for the materials it can be broken down into.
  3. In financial accounting, the term scrap value might be used instead of the more common terms of salvage value, disposal value, or residual value when calculating the depreciation of an asset used in the business.
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Scrap value is a key consideration in asset depreciation, accounting, and financial decision-making. It represents the amount that can be obtained from selling the parts or materials of an asset after it has been fully depreciated or is no longer useful for its intended purpose. For example, company ABC purchases a vehicle that costs $ 100,000 to transport goods from one location to another. The company expects to use the vehicle for 5 years which is a useful life. At the end of the 5th year, it does not mean that the asset value goes to zero.


We need to minimize the difference to the acceptable level which has only a small impact on financial statements. The owner of a truck is told that the truck needs a new engine, which will cost $2,500. The owner can instead elect to sell the truck to a junkyard, which is willing to pay $600 for the truck and then sell off the parts. Thus, the owner has the choice of spending more money to keep the truck operational, or to sell the vehicle at its scrap value.

what is scrap value

Salvage value is the amount that an asset is estimated to be worth at the end of its useful life. It is also known as scrap value or residual value, and is used when determining the annual depreciation expense of an asset. The value of the asset is recorded on a company’s balance sheet, while the depreciation expense is recorded on its income statement. In the insurance industry, scrap value is the money that can be recovered for a damaged or abandoned property.

How Are Accumulated Depreciation and Depreciation Expense Related?

Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The fraud was perpetrated in an attempt to meet predetermined earnings targets. In 1998, the company restated its earnings by $1.7 billion – the largest restatement in history. If the salvage value is set too high or too low, it can be harmful to a company.

Only the tangible asset has scrap value as the asset still exists after the end of useful life. Intangible asset value will decrease to zero at the end of useful life as they are useless. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. Join the 70,000+ businesses just like yours getting the Swoop newsletter.

What is Scrap Value?

In financial accounting, capital assets or long-term assets, such as machinery, vehicles, and furniture, have a useful life. In financial accounting, the term scrap value might be used instead of the more common terms of salvage value, disposal value, or residual value when calculating the depreciation of an asset used in the business. In this situation, scrap value is the expected or estimated value of the asset at the end of its useful life. Depending on the method of depreciation adopted by a company, such as the straight-line method or declining-balance method, the scrap value of an asset will vary.

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